Correlation of angioma / angiokeratoma

From dermoscopedia

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Description This chapter covers the correlation of angioma / angiokeratoma
Author(s) Oriol Yélamos · Ralph P. Braun
Responsible author Oriol Yélamos→ send e-mail
Status unknown
Status update January 1, 2019
Status by Ralph P. Braun


Lacunae are multiple well-demarcated round/oval and reddish structures arranged in clusters, separated by a white rim called septae. Histologically, they correspond to dilated, thin-walled vessels in the papillary dermis. Lacunae are the hallmark of vascular tumors, mainly angiomas (figure). Dark (violaceous, blue-black, or black) lacunae reveal partially or completely thrombosed dermal vessels located deeper in the dermis, which are very specific of solitary angiokeratomas (Zaballos et al., 2007). In targetoid hemosiderotic angiokeratomas a central dark lacunae is surrounded by a peripheral red-brownish homogeneous area.
Histopathologically, it reveals the presence of less dilated angulated vascular spaces, hemosiderin deposition and extravasated erythrocytes in the mid and deep dermis (Zaballos et al., 2015).