Table of Contents (tabular - summary)

From dermoscopedia


dermoscopedia


Table of Contents of the general chapters:

Chap­ter Title Summary
1 Philosophy of dermoscopedia This article is the introduction to dermoscopediaDermoscopedia is the name of this website and is providing state of knowledge information concerning dermoscopy - a non invasive diagnostic method. by the creators and describes the philosophyThis glossary term has not yet been described. behind this project. We feature as well the comments by the president of the IDSIDS stands for the International Dermoscopy Society. and ISICISIC stands for the International Skin Imaging Collaboration project..
1.1 Introduction to dermoscopedia by the president of the IDS This article provides the introduction to dermoscopedia by the president of the International DermoscopyThe examination of [skin lesions] with a 'dermatoscope'. This traditionally consists of a magnifier (typically x10), a non-polarised light source, a transparent plate and a liquid medium between the instrument and the skin, and allows inspection of skin lesions unobstructed by skin surface reflections. Modern dermatoscopes dispense with the use of liquid medium and instead use polarised light to cancel out skin surface reflections. Society (IDS).
1.2 Introduction to dermoscopedia by the founder of ISIC This article provides the introduction to dermoscopedia by the founder of the International Skin Imaging CollaborationThis glossary term has not yet been described. (ISIC).
2 Principles of dermoscopy This chapter describes the principles of dermoscopyThe examination of [skin lesions] with a 'dermatoscope'. This traditionally consists of a magnifier (typically x10), a non-polarised light source, a transparent plate and a liquid medium between the instrument and the skin, and allows inspection of skin lesions unobstructed by skin surface reflections. Modern dermatoscopes dispense with the use of liquid medium and instead use polarised light to cancel out skin surface reflections. including polarized and non-polarized lightThis glossary term has not yet been described. dermoscopy, as well as the differences of between the two.
2.1 Clinical examination Describes the principleThis glossary term has not yet been described. of clinical examinationThis glossary term has not yet been described.
2.2 Non polarized dermoscopy Describes the principle of dermoscopy using non polarized lightThis glossary term has not yet been described. also known als standard dermoscopy
2.3 Polarized dermoscopy Explains the principle of polarized light dermoscopy
2.4 Differences between polarized and non polarized dermoscopy Describes the differences between polarized and non polarized dermoscopy
2.5 Principles of dermoscopy (full text) In this chapter we provide an overview on the principles of dermoscopy including polarized light, non-polarized light dermoscopy and the differences between both.
3 Dermoscopic equipment In this chapter we describe equipmentphysical item that can be used to achieve a goal, especially if the item is not consumed in the process for dermoscopy examination including handheld dermatoscopes, systems for digital dermoscopyThis glossary term has not yet been described., attachments for smartphonesThis glossary term has not yet been described..
3.1 Handheld dermatoscopes In this chapter we describe the different types of scopes for dermoscopy (dermatoscopes).
3.2 Systems for digital dermoscopy In this chapter we describe systems for digital dermoscopy and their features such as computer assisted dermoscopy
3.3 Cases for smartphones In this chapter we describe cases for smartphones which allow to perform dermoscopy and to take digital dermoscopic imagesA representation of a person, animal or thing, photographed, painted or otherwise made visible.
3.4 Attachments for digital cameras In this chapter we describe dermoscopy attachments for digital cameras
3.5 Full Body Imaging Systems In this chapter we describe full body (total body) imaging systems for dermoscopy
3.6 Dermoscopic equipment (full text) This page has not yet been summarized.
4 Histopathological correlation This chapter defines dermoscopic criteriameasure of how well one variable or set of variables predicts an outcome such as colorsThis glossary term has not yet been described. and structuresThis glossary term has not yet been described. and their significance, as well as the histopathologic correlates to dermoscpic criteria and the differences between them.
4.1 Differences between histologic and dermoscopic criteria In this chapter we describe the difference between histologic and dermoscopy criteria including the use of immunhistochemistry.
4.2 Colors In this chapter we cover the importance of colors in dermoscopy. ColorsThis glossary term has not yet been described. are important becaus they provide important information on the type and anatomical locaiton of the pigment in the skin and its appearance in dermoscopy.
4.3 Dermoscopic structures (full text) Chapter provides an overview and linksThis glossary term has not yet been described. to all dermoscopy structures such as pigment networkGrid-like pattern consisting of interconnecting pigmented lines surrounding hypopigmented holes., globules etc.
4.4 Pigment network In this cover we describe the dermoscopy criterion pigment networkThis glossary term has not yet been described. and its variants such as pseudonetworkA structureless pigment area interrupted by non-pigmented adnexal openings, atypical pigment networkNetwork with increased variability in the color, thickness, and spacing of the lines of the network; asymmetrically distributed; gray color and typical pigment networkNetwork with minimal variability in the color, thickness, and spacing of the lines; symmetrically distributed delicate network light brown, thin network lines and its histologic correlation
4.5 Typical network This page has not yet been summarized.
4.6 Atypical network This chapter covers histopathological correlation of atypical pigment network in dermoscopy
4.7 Pseudonetwork This chapter covers the histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term pseudonetwork
4.8 Negative network This chapter describes the histopathological correlation of negative networkSerpiginous interconnecting broadened hypopigmented lines that surround elongated and curvilinear globules. in dermoscopy
4.9 Structureless areas (full text) In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy term structureless areas and their histopathological correlation including regular blotches, irregular blotches
4.10 Hyperpigmented structureless areas In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy term hyperpigmented structureless areablotch If centric hypermelanotic Clark (“dysplastic”) nevus if eccentric melanoma (blotchDark structureless areas) and its histopathological correlation
4.11 Regular hyperpigmented structureless areas (regular blotch) In this chapter we describe the histopathological correlation of regular hyperpigmented structureless areas (regular blotchOne blotch within center of lesion and surrounded by network)
4.12 Irregular hyperpigmented structureless areas (irregular blotch) In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy term irregular hyperpigmented structureless areasThis glossary term has not yet been described. (irregular blotchMore than one blotch or a blotch that is located off center) and its histopathological correlation
4.13 Hypopigmented structureless areas This chapter describes the dermoscopy term hypopigmented structureless areas and its histopathological correlation
4.14 Depigmented structureless areas This chapter describes the dermoscopy term depigmented structureless areaThis glossary term has not yet been described. and its histopathological correlation
4.15 Light brown structureless areas This chapter describes the dermoscopy term tan (light brown) structureless areahomogenous pattern various diagnoses and its histopathological correlation
4.16 Dots In this chapter we describe dots and its histopathological correlation
4.16.1 Regular dots This describes the dermoscopy term of irregular dotsAny distribution of dots other than dots as described for regular dots. and its histopathological correlation
4.16.2 Irregular dots This chapter covers the dermoscopy term irregular dots and its histopathological correlation
4.17 Globules In this chapter we describe the term globules and its histopathological correlation
4.17.1 Regular Globules This chapter describes the dermoscopy term regular globulesGlobules with minimal variability in their color, size and shapeGlobules with minimal variability in their color, size and shape and its histopathological correlation
4.17.2 Irregular Globules This chapter describes dermoscopy term of irregular globulesGlobules with variability in color, size, shape or spacing and distributed in an asymmetric fashion and its histopathological correlation
4.18 Cobblestone globules This chapter describes dermoscopy of cobblestone globulesPolygonal globules symmetrically distributed throughout lesion

rim of brown globules

This glossary term has not yet been described.
and its histopathological correlation
4.19 Streaks In this chapter we describe streakslines radial (always at periphery) streaks Reed nevus melanoma recurrent nevus also calles Pseudopods and radial streamingRadial linear extensions at the lesion edge and their histopathological correlation
4.20 Pseudopods This chapter describes the dermoscopy term pseudopods and their histopathological correlation
4.21 Radial streaming This chapter describes the histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term radial streaming (streaks)
4.22 Regular Streaks This chapter describes the histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term regular streaksThis glossary term has not yet been described.
4.23 Irregular Streaks This chapter describes the histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term irregular streaksThis glossary term has not yet been described.
4.24 Negative Pigment Network In this chapter we describe the negative pigment networklines reticular hypopigmented around brown clods and its histopathological correlation
4.25 Shiny white structures In this chapter we describe cristalline structuresChristalline structures, are white shiny linear streaks that are seen under polarized dermoscopy, but not under nonpolarized dermoscopy. The white streaks are oriented parallel, and sometimes also orthogonal (perpendicular) to each other. Chrysalis structures can be seen in scars, dermatofibromas, basal cell carcinomas, and also in melanomas and Spitz nevi. These structures correlate histopathologically with altered collagen in the dermis (fibrosis). The birefringent properties of collagen bundles causes rapid randomization of polarized light and this is, why collagen appears bright white and more conspicuous under polarized dermoscopy. and its histopathological correlation
4.26 Shiny white streaks This chapter describes histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term shiny white streaksWhite lines that appear parallel and perpendicular to each other on polarized dermoscopy
4.27 Shiny white blotches and strands This chapter describes histopathological correlation of shiny white blotches and strandsWhite structures in the form of circles, oval structures, or large structureless areas that are bright-white longer and less well defined lines oriented parallel or distributed haphazardly, or forming blotches (shiny white clods). Seen only under polarized dermoscopy.
4.28 Rosettes This chapter describes the histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term rosettesFour bright white dots or clods arranged together as a square (or a four leaf clover)
4.29 Shiny white areas This chapter describes the histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term shiny white areasThis glossary term has not yet been described.
4.30 Regression structures / Blue white structures In this chapter we describe blue white structuresterm used for flat areas with white (scarlike) and blue color. This has to be distinguisehd from blue white veil. network and its histopathological correlation
4.31 White scar-like depigmentation This chapter describes histopathologyThis glossary term has not yet been described. correlation of the term white scar-like depigmention
4.32 Granularity / Peppering This chapter describes histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term granularityThis glossary term has not yet been described. or pepperingGray dots
4.33 Blue white veil This chapter describes histopathology of the dermoscopy term blue white veilBlue-white veil is confluent blue pigmentation with an overlying white “ground-glass” haze. In melanoma, the bluewhite veil does not occupy the entire surface area of the lesion, but rather is present as a focal, ill-defined area. Histopathologically, this dermoscopic structure corresponds to an aggregation of heavily pigmented cells (melanocytes and/or melanophages) or melanin in the dermis (blue color) in combination with compact orthokeratosis
4.34 Vascular structures In this chapter we describe vascular structuresThis glossary term has not yet been described.
4.35 Milia like cysts In this chapter we describe milia like cysts and its histopathological correlation
4.36 Comedo like openings In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy term comedo like openings and its histopathological correlation
4.37 Fissures and ridges This page has not yet been summarized.
4.38 Fingerprint like structures This chapter describes fingerprint like structuresThey are areas consisting of fi ne parallel running lines of light brown to dark brown colors. They resemble the dermatoglyphics of a human fingerprint.
4.39 Moth eaten border In this chapter we describe moth eaten borderBorder with concave or sharp punched-out invaginations and its histopathological correlation
4.40 Leaf like areas Histopathological correlation of leaf like areasThis glossary term has not yet been described.
4.41 Spoke wheel like structures In this chapter we describe spoke wheel like structuresThis glossary term has not yet been described. and its histopathological correlation
4.42 Large blue gray ovoid nests In this chapter we describe large blue gray ovoid nestsThis glossary term has not yet been described. and its histopathological correlation
4.43 Multiple Blue-Gray Non-aggregated Dots and Globules In this chapter we describe multiple blue gray dots and globules[[Multiple Blue-Gray Non-aggregated Dots and Globules]] and its histopathological correlation
4.44 Lacunae In this chapter we describe lacunaeThis glossary term has not yet been described. and its histopathological correlation
4.45 Histopathological correlation (full text) This chapter represents the full text chapter of on histopathological correlation in dermoscopy. It covers all subchapters in one
5 Terminology In this chapter we will describe the terminology as proposed by the 3rd consensus conference of the International Dermoscopy Society (IDS).
5.1 Terminology Lines This page has not yet been summarized.
5.2 Terminology Clods This page has not yet been summarized.
5.3 Terminology Dots This page has not yet been summarized.
5.4 Terminology Circles This page has not yet been summarized.
5.5 Terminology Pseudopods This page has not yet been summarized.
5.6 Terminology Structureless This page has not yet been summarized.
5.7 Terminology others This page has not yet been summarized.
5.8 Metaphoric term "Pigment network" This page has not yet been summarized.
5.9 Metaphoric term "Shiny white structures" This page has not yet been summarized.
5.10 Metaphoric term "Globules" This page has not yet been summarized.
5.11 Metaphoric term "Dots" This page has not yet been summarized.
5.12 Metaphoric term "Streaks" This page has not yet been summarized.
5.13 Metaphoric term "Patterns" This chapter describes the different dermoscoy pattern
5.14 Metaphoric term "Blotches" This page has not yet been summarized.
5.15 Metaphoric term "Regression structures" This page has not yet been summarized.
5.16 Metaphoric terms on facial skin This page has not yet been summarized.
5.17 Metaphoric terms on volar skin This page has not yet been summarized.
5.18 Terminology for vessel morphology This page has not yet been summarized.
5.19 Terminology for vessel arrangement This page has not yet been summarized.
5.20 Dictionary of descriptive and metaphoric terminology (full text) This page has not yet been summarized.
5.21 Dictionary of metaphoric terms (full text) This page has not yet been summarized.
6 Vascular structures This page has not yet been summarized.
6.1 Arborizing blood vessels This chapter describes arborizing blood vesselsanalytic term is branched vessels; Bright red sharply in focus large or thick diameter vessels dividing into smaller vessels; BCC
6.2 Hairpin vessels This page has not yet been summarized.
6.3 Milky red globules / areas Describes dermoscopy of milky red globulesThis glossary term has not yet been described. / areas
6.4 Glomerular vessels Describes dermoscopy of glomerular vesselsThis glossary term has not yet been described.
6.5 Comma vessels This page has not yet been summarized.
6.6 Dotted vessels This page has not yet been summarized.
6.7 Linear irregular vessels This page has not yet been summarized.
6.8 Polymorphous vessels Describes dermoscopy of polymorphous vesselsmultiple types of vessels are present may indicate malignancy in appropriate context for example in flat melanocytic lesions
6.9 Corkscrew / tortous vessels Describes dermoscopy of corkscrew vesselstwisted looped vessels with bends twisted along a central axis melanoma metastasis
6.10 Crown vessels Describes dermoscopy of crown vesselsRadial serpentine or arborizing vessels at the periphery of the lesion that radiate towards the center but do not cross the midline od the lesion. sebaceous hyperplasia
6.11 Strawberry pattern Describes dermoscopy of the strawberry patternReddish pseudo-network (erythema and wavy fine vessels) around hair follicle openings which are accentuated with a white halo appearance as seen in actinic keratosisActinic keratosis (also called solar keratosis and senile keratosis; abbreviated as AK) is a pre-cancerous patch of thick, scaly, or crusty skin.
6.12 String of pearls pattern Describes dermoscopy of string of pearlsCoiled or dotted vessels arranged in lines clear cell acanthoma pattern as seen in clear cell acanthoma(also known as "Acanthome cellules claires of Degos and Civatte," "Degos acanthoma," and "Pale cell acanthoma") is a benign clinical and histological lesion initially described as neoplastic, which some authors now regard as a reactive dermatosis. It usually presents as a moist solitary firm, brown-red, well-circumscribed, 5 mm to 2 cm nodule or plaque on the lower extremities of middle-aged to elderly individuals The lesion has a crusted, scaly peripheral collarette and vascular puncta on the surface. It is characterized by slow growth, and may persist for years. The clinical differential diagnosis includes: dermatofibroma, inflamed seborrheic keratosis, pyogenic granuloma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, verruca vulgaris, psoriatic plaque, and melanoma.
7 Non melanocytic lesions basal cell carcinomais the most common skin cancer, and one of the most common cancers in the United States.[1] While BCC has a very low metastatic risk, this tumor can cause significant disfigurement by invading surrounding tissues, BCCAbbreviation for Basal Cell Carcinoma, squamous cell carcinomaThis glossary term has not yet been described., SCCThis glossary term has not yet been described., Bowens disease, actinic keratosis, seborrheic keratosisThis glossary term has not yet been described., seb K, lichen planus like keratosisThis glossary term has not yet been described., solar lentigoThis glossary term has not yet been described., vascular lesions, dermatofibromas, sebaceous hyperplasiaThis glossary term has not yet been described., clear cell acanthoma
7.1 Basal cell carcinoma In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy features of basal cell carcinoma
7.1.1 Superficial Basal cell carcinoma This page has not yet been summarized.
7.1.2 Nodular Basal Cell Carcinoma This chapter describes the dermoscopy of nodular basal cell carcinomaThis glossary term has not yet been described.
7.1.3 Morpheaform / sclerosing / infiltrative basal cell carcinoma and desmoplastic trichoepithelioma This page has not yet been summarized.
7.2 Actinic keratosis / Bowen's disease / keratoacanthoma / squamous cell carcinoma This page has not yet been summarized.
7.2.1 Actinic keratosis This page has not yet been summarized.
7.2.2 Bowen's disease In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy criteria of Squamous cell carcinomaThis glossary term has not yet been described. in situThis glossary term has not yet been described. (Bowenalso known as squamous cell carcinoma in situ[1] is a neoplastic skin disease. It can be considered as an early stage or intraepidermal form of squamous cell carcinoma. It was named after John T. Bowen's Disease)
7.2.3 Keratoacanthoma This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria of KeratoacanthomaThis glossary term has not yet been described.
7.2.4 Squamous cell carcinoma This page has not yet been summarized.
7.3 Solar lentigines / seborrheic keratoses / lichen planus-like keratosis In this chapter we cover the dermoscopy criteria of solar lentiginesThis glossary term has not yet been described., seborrheic keratosesThis glossary term has not yet been described. and lichen planus like keratoses (LKPL)
7.3.1 Solar lentigines This chapter describes the criteria of solar lentigines.
7.3.2 Seborrheic keratoses This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria of seborrheic keratosis.
7.3.3 Lichen planus-like keratosis In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy of lichen planus like keratosis
7.4 Vascular lesions This page has not yet been summarized.
7.4.1 Angioma This page has not yet been summarized.
7.4.2 Angiokeratoma This chapter describes dermoscopy of angiokeratomais a benign cutaneous lesion of capillaries, resulting in small marks of red to blue color and characterized by hyperkeratosis
7.4.3 Pyogenic granuloma Describes dermoscopy of pyogenic granulomaThis glossary term has not yet been described.
7.4.4 Microvenular hemangioma Dermoscopy of microvenular hemangiomaThis glossary term has not yet been described.
7.4.5 Angioma serpiginosum This chapter describes dermoscopy of angioma serpiginosumis a skin condition in which there are small blood vessels near the skin surface. It presents as small red dots (puncta) that cluster together to form a linear or snake-like array (serpiginous pattern) or ring-shaped (gyrate) pattern.
7.4.6 Port-wine stain Dermoscopy of port wine stainThis glossary term has not yet been described.
7.4.7 Lymphangioma circumscriptum Dermoscopy of lymphangioma circumscriptumThis glossary term has not yet been described.
7.4.8 Targetoid hemosiderotic hemangioma Dermoscopy of targetoid demosiderotic hemangiomaThis glossary term has not yet been described.
7.4.9 Kaposi’s sarcoma Dermoscopy of Kaposi sarcomaThis glossary term has not yet been described.
7.4.10 Angiosarcoma Dermoscopy of angiosarcomais a cancer of the inner lining of blood vessels, and it can occur in any area of the body. The disease most commonly occurs in the skin, breast, liver, spleen, and deep tissue.
7.5 Dermatofibromas This chapter describes dermoscopy of dermatofibromas
7.6 Sebaceous hyperplasia This chapter describes dermoscopy of sebaceous hyperplasia
7.7 Clear Cell acanthoma This page has not yet been summarized.
7.8 Rosacea This page has not yet been summarized.
7.9 Collision lesions This page has not yet been summarized.
7.10 Poroma Poromas are uncommon, benignis any condition that is harmless in the long run sweat gland tumors that are clinically and dermoscopically challenging to diagnose. Dermoscopic features associated with poromaThis glossary term has not yet been described. include branched vesselsarborizing vessels Bright red sharply in focus large or thick diameter vessels dividing into smaller vessels BCC with rounded endings, white interlacing areas around vesselsThis glossary term has not yet been described., yellow structureless areas, and milky-red globulesThis glossary term has not yet been described..
8 Benign Melanocytic lesions Classificationis a general process related to categorization, the process in which ideas and objects are recognized, differentiated, and understood. of benign neviThis glossary term has not yet been described., congenital neviis a type of melanocytic nevus (or mole) found in infants at birth. This type of birthmark occurs in an estimated 1% of infants worldwide; it is located in the area of the head and neck 15% of the time., dysplastic neviThis glossary term has not yet been described. / atypical neviNevi that clinically look like melanoma but that histopathologically are not melanomas, benign nevus patternThis glossary term has not yet been described., blue nevi, growing neviThis glossary term has not yet been described., Spitz / Reed nevi, recurrent, persistent nevi, factors that influence nevus pattern, managementThis glossary term has not yet been described. of nevi
8.1 Classification of nevi / benign nevus pattern This page has not yet been summarized.
8.2 Congenital nevi This chapter describes deroscopy of congenital nevi
8.3 Dysplastic / Atypical nevi This page has not yet been summarized.
8.4 Benign nevus pattern This chapter describes the dermoscopy pattern seen in benign nevi.
8.5 Blue nevi Describes dermoscopy criteria of blue nevi
8.6 Growing nevi This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteriaof growing nevi and their signification
8.7 Spitz / Reed nevi This page has not yet been summarized.
8.7.1 Evolution of Spitz nevi In this chapter we describe the natual evolutionis change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations of Spitz neviThis glossary term has not yet been described. from globular to starburst to homogenous patternstructureless any color and their involutionThis glossary term has not yet been described..
8.7.2 Management of Spitz nevi This chapter resumes the suggested management of Spitzoid lesions according to the IDS consensus
8.8 Recurrent / persistent nevi This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria for recurrent / persistant nevi also known as pseudomelanoma
8.9 Factors that influence nevus pattern (age, skin type, body site) This chapter describes the factors that influence nevus pattern ie. ageprocess of becoming older, localisation, growth etc.
8.10 Management of nevi 4 x 4 x 6 rule This page has not yet been summarized.
9 Melanoma superficialThis glossary term has not yet been described. spreadingThis glossary term has not yet been described. melanomaThis glossary term has not yet been described., nodular melanomaThis glossary term has not yet been described., lentigo malignaThis glossary term has not yet been described., acro lentiginous melanoma, amelanotic / hypomelanotic melanomaThis glossary term has not yet been described., equivocal lesions, false positive diagnosisis the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon. Diagnosis is used in many different disciplines with variations in the use of logic, analytics, and experience to determine "cause and effect". In systems engineering and computer science, it is typically used to determine the causes of symptoms, mitigations, and solutions, false negative diagnosis, ALM, SSMThis glossary term has not yet been described., LMMThis glossary term has not yet been described., NMM
9.1 Superficial Spreading Melanoma Dermoscopy of superficial spreading melanoma (SSM)
9.2 Acrolentiginous Melanoma This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria of melanocyticThis glossary term has not yet been described. lesions in acralPertaining to peripheral body parts, especially hands, feet, fingers, and toes. sites.
9.3 Nodular Melanoma This chapter reviews the dermoscopy criteria of nodular melanoma
9.4 Lentigo Maligna This chapter describes the dermoscopy of Lentigo maligna and lentigo maligna melanomaThis glossary term has not yet been described..
9.5 Amelanotic / hypomelanotic melanoma This page has not yet been summarized.
9.6 Melanoma on sun damaged skin In this chapter we describe the different dermoscopy pattern of melanoma on sun damaged skinThis glossary term has not yet been described.
9.7 Equivocal lesions This page has not yet been summarized.
9.8 False positive diagnosis This page has not yet been summarized.
9.9 False Negative Diagnosis This page has not yet been summarized.
10 Special locations palmsThis glossary term has not yet been described. and solesThis glossary term has not yet been described., nailsThis glossary term has not yet been described., faceis a central body region of sense and is also very central in the expression of emotion among humans and among numerous other species., hair and scalp, mucosa etc
10.1 Palms and Soles This page has not yet been summarized.
10.2 Nails This chapter describes the criteria of dermoscopy of the nail apparatus
10.3 Face This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria of lesions of the face
10.4 Hair and Scalp This page has not yet been summarized.
10.5 Mucosa This page has not yet been summarized.
11 Nail dermoscopy This page has not yet been summarized.
11.1 Technical aspects This page describes the technical aspects and consideration of dermoscopy of the nail apparatus
11.1.1 Nail plate dermoscopy This page has not yet been summarized.
11.1.2 Nail matrix dermoscopy This page has not yet been summarized.
11.1.3 Quick overview of possibilities offered by reflectance and fluorescence confocal This page has not yet been summarized.
11.2 Tumors This chapter describes the dermoscopy aspect of different types of nail tumors such as different types of nevi, melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma etc.
11.2.1 Nevus of the nail matrix This chapter describes dermoscopy of nevus of the nails
11.2.2 Congenital nevus This page has not yet been summarized.
11.2.3 Melanoma at nails This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria of melanoma of the nail apparatus
11.2.4 Benign epithelial tumors of the matrix This chapter describes the dermoscopy of benign epithelial tumors of the nail matrixThis glossary term has not yet been described. such as onychomatricomaThis glossary term has not yet been described. and onychopapillomaThis glossary term has not yet been described.
11.2.4.1 Onychomaticoma This chapter describes the dermoscopy of onychomatricoma
11.2.4.2 Onychopapilloma This chapter describes dermoscopy of onychopapilloma
11.2.5 Malignant epithelial tumors of the matrix This chapter describes the dermoscopy aspect of different malignant epithelial tumors of the nail matrix
11.2.5.1 SCC This page has not yet been summarized.
11.2.5.2 Malignant onychopapiloma This chapter describes the dermoscopy aspect of malignant onychopapilloma
11.2.6 Other nail tumors This chapter describes dermoscopy of other nail tumors such as exostosisThis glossary term has not yet been described. and glomus tumor
11.2.6.1 Glomus-cell tumors This chapter describes the dermoscopy aspect of subungual glomus cell tumors
11.2.6.2 Exostosis This page has not yet been summarized.
11.3 Inflammations / infections / trauma-induced / genetics This chapter resumes dermoscopy of inflammations, infections, traumaThis glossary term has not yet been described. induced changes and genetic diseases of the nail apparatus.
11.3.1 Subungual hemorrhage This page has not yet been summarized.
11.3.2 Onychotillomania This chapter covers the dermsocopy of onychotillomaniaThis glossary term has not yet been described.
11.3.3 Warts This page has not yet been summarized.
11.3.4 Fungal infections This page has not yet been summarized.
11.3.5 Ethnic-type pigmentation This page has not yet been summarized.
11.3.6 Other kinds This page has not yet been summarized.
12 Trichoscopy This page has not yet been summarized.
13 Inflammoscopy In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy of inflammatory skin diseases
13.1 Lichen planus This chapter describes dermoscopy of lichen planusThis glossary term has not yet been described.
13.2 Psoriasis This chapter describes the dermscopy of psoriasisThis glossary term has not yet been described.
13.3 Dermatitis This chapter describes dermoscopy of Dermatitisalso known as eczema is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin.
13.4 Pityrisasis rubra pilaris This chapter describes the dermoscopy of pityriasus rubra pilaris
13.5 Porokeratosis This chapter describes the dermoscopy of porokeratosisThis glossary term has not yet been described.
13.6 Granulomatous skin disease This page has not yet been summarized.
13.6.1 Sarcoidosis and lupus vulgaris This chapter describes the dermoscopy of sarcoidosisThis glossary term has not yet been described. and lupus vulgarisThis glossary term has not yet been described.
13.6.2 Cutaneous leishmaniosis This page has not yet been summarized.
13.6.3 Granuloma annulare This chapter describes dermoscopy of granuloma annulareThis glossary term has not yet been described.
13.7 Discoid lupus erythematosus This chapter describes dermoscopy of discoid lupus erythematosusis a chronic skin condition of sores with inflammation and scarring favouring the face, ears, and scalp and at times on other body areas. These lesions develop as a red, inflamed patch with a scaling and crusty appearance. The centre areas may appear lighter in colour with a rim darker than the normal skin.
13.8 Rosacea This chapter describes dermoscopy of rosaceaThis glossary term has not yet been described.
13.9 Lichen sclerosus and morphea This page has not yet been summarized.
13.10 Urticaria and urticarial vasculitis This chapter describes dermoscopy of urticaria and urticarial vasculitisThis glossary term has not yet been described.
13.11 Pigmented purpuric dermatoses This chapter describes dermoscopy of pigmented purpuric dermatoses
13.12 Darier's disease This chapter describes dermoscopy of dariers disease
13.13 Mastocytosis This chapter describes dermoscopy of cutaneous mastocytosisis a form of mastocytosis that primarily affects the skin. There are three main forms of the condition: maculopapular cutaneous mastocytosis (also called urticaria pigmentosa), solitary cutaneous mastocytoma, and diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis. There is also an exteremely rare form called telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans. The signs, symptoms and severity of the condition vary by subtype.
13.14 Vasculitis This chapter describes dermoscopy of vasculitis
13.15 Mycosis fungoides This chapter describes dermoscopy of mycosis fungoidesThis glossary term has not yet been described.
13.16 Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma This page has not yet been summarized.
13.17 Juvenile xanthogranuloma This page has not yet been summarized.
14 Infectious skin diseases (Entomodermoscopy) Specific dermoscopic patternsThis glossary term has not yet been described. have been described for several infectiousThis glossary term has not yet been described. skin diseases, including those of viral, fungal and parasitic origin
14.1 Parasitosis Dermoscopy of parasitosisThis glossary term has not yet been described.
14.2 Scabies This page has not yet been summarized.
14.3 Cutaneous larva migrans This chapter describes the dermoscopy of cutaneous larva migransis a skin disease in humans, caused by the larvae of various nematode parasites of the hookworm family (Ancylostomatidae). The most common species causing this disease in the Americas is Ancylostoma braziliense. These parasites live in the intestines of dogs, cats, and wild animals and should not be confused with other members of the hookworm family for which humans are definitive hosts, namely Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus.
14.5 Pediculosis This chapter descibes the dermoscopy of PediculosisThis glossary term has not yet been described.
14.6 Tick bites This chapter describes the dermoscopy of tick bitesThis glossary term has not yet been described.
14.8 Viral infections Dermoscopy of viral infectionsThis glossary term has not yet been described.
14.9 HPV infections This chapter describes the dermoscopy of HPV infections
14.10 Molluscum contagiusum This chapter describes dermoscopy of molluscum contagiosumThis glossary term has not yet been described.
15 Diagnostic Strategies / Algorithms revised pattern analysisThis glossary term has not yet been described., pattern analysis, ABCDThis glossary term has not yet been described. rule, Menzies Method, sevenThis glossary term has not yet been described. pointThis glossary term has not yet been described. checklistis a type of informational job aid used to reduce failure by compensating for potential limits of human memory and attention., 3 point checklist, chaos and cluesThis glossary term has not yet been described.This an algorithm used in dermoscopy [[Chaos and Clues]], TADA, prediction without pigment, color wheelThis glossary term has not yet been described. approach and other algorithms
15.1 Pattern analysis This page has not yet been summarized.
15.2 ABCD rule This page has not yet been summarized.
15.3 Menzies Method In this chapter we describe the Menzies methodThis glossary term has not yet been described..
15.4 Seven Point Checklist This page has not yet been summarized.
15.5 Three point checklist This page has not yet been summarized.
15.6 Chaos and Clues This chapter provides an overview of the Chaos and CluesThis glossary term has not yet been described. decision algorithmIn mathematics and computer science, an algorithm (Listeni/ˈælɡərɪðəm/ AL-gə-ri-dhəm) is a self-contained sequence of actions to be performed. Algorithms can perform calculation, data processing and automated reasoning tasks. for the assessment of pigmented skin lesions, both melanocytic and non-melanocytic.
15.7 TADA This page has not yet been summarized.
15.8 Prediction without Pigment This chapter presents the decision algorithm Prediction without Pigment, a stepwise method for the assessment of skin lesions which are not pigmented by melanin. This method assesses for malignancy regardless of melanocytic status as in equivocal cases only the dermatopathologist can make that distinction.
15.9 Other diagnostic strategies / algorithms In this chapter we describe other dermoscopy algorithms
15.10 The color wheel approach This page has not yet been summarized.
16 Analytic approach The analytic approachThis glossary term has not yet been described. refers to algorithmic method for the diagnosis of pigmented lesions using dermoscopy.

The essence of pattern analysis is a structured description formulated using a clearly defined algorithmic method. The diagnostic method is structured in such a way that one starts by describing the most general of features, then proceeds progressively to finish with the most specific features. The algorithm always takes the general form: Pattern + Color + CluesEvidence, in an investigation = Diagnosisis the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon. Diagnosis is used in many different disciplines with variations in the use of logic, analytics, and experience to determine "cause and effect". In systems engineering and computer science, it is typically used to determine the causes of symptoms, mitigations, and solutions Using patterns, colors and cluesEvidence, in an investigation, the number of potential diagnoses is progressively minimized. Pattern is a method by which algorithms are constructed.

16.1 Introduction to the analytic approach This page has not yet been summarized.
16.2 Lines This page has not yet been summarized.
16.3 Dots This page has not yet been summarized.
16.4 Clods This page has not yet been summarized.
16.5 Circles This page has not yet been summarized.
16.6 Pseudopods This page has not yet been summarized.
16.7 Structureless This page has not yet been summarized.
17 Two-step algorithm This page has not yet been summarized.
17.1 Introduction to the top-down 2-step approach This chapter describes the principle of the 2 step algorithm
17.2 Level 1: Nevi In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy pattern seen in benign nevi
17.3 Level 2: Dermatofibromas This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria of dermatofibromaDermatofibromas are hard solitary slow-growing papules (rounded bumps) that may appear in a variety of colours, usually brownish to tan; they are often elevated or pedunculated. A dermatofibroma is associated with the dimple sign; by applying lateral pressure, there is a central depression of the dermatofibroma.
17.4 Level 3: Intradermal nevi This chapter describes dermoscopy criteria of intradermal neviThis glossary term has not yet been described.
17.5 Level 4: BCC This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria for BCC of the two step algorithm
17.6 Level 5: SCC This chapter describes dermoscopy criteria of squamous cell carinoma
17.7 Level 6: SK & lentigo This chapter describes the dermoscopy pattern of seborrheic keratosis (seb K) and solar lentigo
17.8 Level 7: Angioma / Angiokeratoma / Hemangioma This chapter describes dermoscopy criteria of angiomaAngiomas are benign tumors derived from cells of the vascular or lymphatic vessel walls (endothelium) or derived from cells of the tissues surrounding these vessels.[1][2] Angiomas are a frequent occurrence as patients age, but they might be an indicator of systemic problems such as liver disease. They are not commonly associated with malignancy., angiokeratoma and hemangioma.
17.9 Level 8: Sebaceous hyperplasia This chapter describes dermoscopy criteria of sebacous hyperplasia
17.10 Level 9: Clear cell acanthoma This chapter describes dermoscopy of clear cell acanthoma
17.11 Step 2 This chapter describes the dermoscopy pattern of lesions requiring contect
17.12 Nevi requiring special consideration This chapter describes the dermosocpy of melanoma specific pattern
17.13 Melanoma patterns and structures This chapter describes dermoscopy pattern of melanoma that require contextThis glossary term has not yet been described.
17.14 Melanoma pattern and structures on special sites This chapter describes the dermoscopy of melanoma specific structures on special sites
17.15 Classic two-step algorithm This page has not yet been summarized.
17.16 Revised two-step algorithm This page has not yet been summarized.
17.17 Schematics for Download This chapter allows to downloadThis glossary term has not yet been described. the pdfThis glossary term has not yet been described. file of the two step algorithm
18 Clues and tricks This page has not yet been summarized.
18.1 Wobble sign This page has not yet been summarized.
18.2 Ink test This page has not yet been summarized.
18.3 Tape stripping This page has not yet been summarized.
18.4 Blink sign In this chapter we describe the blink signWhile toggling between polarized and non polarized light, the structures that are more visibile with either one type of light will be enhanced and though blink at you in dermoscopy
19 Exceptions to rules and mimickers This page has not yet been summarized.
20 Diagnostic accuracy This chapter provides an overview on diagnostic accuracyThis glossary term has not yet been described. in dermoscopy explaining terms such as sensitivityThis glossary term has not yet been described. and specificityThis glossary term has not yet been described. etc.
20.1 Sensitivity and Specificity This page has not yet been summarized.
20.2 Factors influencing diagnostic accuracy This page has not yet been summarized.
21 Confocal Microscopy This page has not yet been summarized.
22 Other Imaging techniques In this chapter we describe other imaging techniques
22 Digital mole monitoring This page has not yet been summarized.
22.1 Electrical Impedance This page has not yet been summarized.
22.2 OCT This page has not yet been summarized.
23.1 Short Term Monitoring This page has not yet been summarized.
23.2 Long Term Monitoring This page has not yet been summarized.
24 Teledermoscopy This chapter covers the aspects of teledermoscopa and mobile teledermoscopyThis glossary term has not yet been described.
25 Computer Assisted Diagnosis This chapter provides a very nice up to date overview as well as the vision on computer assisted diagnosisare systems that assist doctors in the interpretation of medical images. Imaging techniques in X-ray, MRI, and ultrasound diagnostics yield a great deal of information that the radiologist or other medical professional has to analyze and evaluate comprehensively in a short time. CAD systems process digital images for typical appearances and to highlight conspicuous sections, such as possible diseases, in order to offer input to support a decision taken by the professional. in dermoscopy.
25.1 Introduction to computer assisted diagnosis This chapter provides a very nice up to date overview as well as the vision on computer assisted diagnosis in dermoscopy in dermoscopy
25.2 Automated diagnosis This page gives a brief introduction and overview on neural network based automated diagnosis of skin lesions with dermatoscopyThe examination of [skin lesions] with a 'dermatoscope'. This traditionally consists of a magnifier (typically x10), a non-polarised light source, a transparent plate and a liquid medium between the instrument and the skin, and allows inspection of skin lesions unobstructed by skin surface reflections. Modern dermatoscopes dispense with the use of liquid medium and instead use polarised light to cancel out skin surface reflections..
25.3 ISIC project This page has not yet been summarized.
26 Books and other resources This chapter lists all resouces for dermoscopy
26.1 Books In this chapter all dermoscopy booksis a series of pages assembled for easy portability and reading are listed
26.2 Online resources In this chapter we describe onlineOnline means that something is available over, or delivered from, the internet. resources for dermsocopy
26.3 Other resources In this chapter we describe other resources for dermoscopy
27 Events This page has not yet been summarized.
27.1 5. World Congress Of Dermoscopy This chapter is about the 5th World CongressThis glossary term has not yet been described. of Dermoscopy which was held from June 14 to 16, 2018 at the Thessaloniki Concert Hall in the city of Thessaloniki in Greece.
27.1.1 2-Step Algorithm & TADA - Workshop 1: A guide for application of dermoscopy This page has not yet been summarized.
27.1.2 Difficult to diagnose melanomas: a unifying theme - Focus Session 2: Melanoma This page has not yet been summarized.
28 Instructions for editors / authors This page provides basic instructionsThis glossary term has not yet been described. for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors.
28.1 How to log in This page explains how toGives basic instructions and directions to someone on the methods for doing or making something. log inThis glossary term has not yet been described. into your user accountThis glossary term has not yet been described. at dermoscopedia.
28.2 How to edit chapters This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors.
28.3 How to upload and add images / figures This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors for adding figuresThis glossary term has not yet been described. to a chapter.
28.4 How to add videos This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors for adding videosThis glossary term has not yet been described. to pages.
28.5 How to add links This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors for adding links to pages.
28.6 How to add references This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors for adding referencesThis is material contained in a footnote or bibliography holding further information. to pages.
28.7 Video tutorials This page provides video tutorialsThis glossary term has not yet been described. with basic instructions for editors / authors on dermoscopedia.
28.8 List of help pages This page provides the list of helpRefers to giving assistance or support to others for mutual benefit pages for editors / authors.
29 Top rated chapters This page shows the chapters with top ratings by the audience of this website.


→ Table of Contents (tabular - authors)
→ Table of Contents (tree)
User=