Table of Contents (tabular - summary)

From dermoscopedia


dermoscopedia


Table of Contents of the general chapters:

Chap­ter Title Summary
1 How to contribute to Dermoscopedia dermoscopedia lives and improves only through your input!
1.1 Mission statement This chapter provides the msission statement of dermoscopedia.
1.2 Introduction to dermoscopedia by the president of the IDS This article provides the introduction to dermoscopedia by the president of the International Dermoscopy Society (IDS).
1.3 Introduction to dermoscopedia by the founder of ISIC This article provides the introduction to dermoscopedia by the founder of the International Skin Imaging Collaboration (ISIC).
2 Principles of dermoscopy This chapter describes the principles of dermoscopy including polarized and non-polarized light dermoscopy, as well as the differences of between the two modalities.
2.1 Clinical examination Describes the principle of clinical examination.
2.2 Non polarized dermoscopy Describes the principle of dermoscopy using non polarized light also known als standard dermoscopy
2.3 Polarized dermoscopy Explains the principle of polarized light dermoscopy
2.4 Differences between polarized and non polarized dermoscopy Describes the differences between polarized and non polarized dermoscopy
3 Dermoscopic equipment In this chapter we describe equipment for dermoscopy examination including handheld dermatoscopes, systems for digital dermoscopy, attachments for smartphones.
4 Dermoscopic structures and their histopathological correlation This chapter defines dermoscopic criteria such as colors and structures and their significance, as well as the histopathologic correlates to dermoscpic criteria and the differences between them.
4.1 Colors In this chapter we cover the importance of colors in dermoscopy. Colors are important becaus they provide important information on the type and anatomical locaiton of the pigment in the skin and its appearance in dermoscopy.
4.2 Dermoscopic structures in melanocytic neoplasms This chapter describes the different dermoscopy structures seen in melanocytic neoplasms such as pigment network, dots, globules streaks etc.
4.2.1 Pigment network In this cover we describe the dermoscopy criterion pigment network and its variants such as pseudonetwork, atypical pigment network and typical pigment network and its histologic correlation
4.2.2 Negative network This chapter describes the histopathological correlation of negative network in dermoscopy
4.2.3 Angulated lines This chapter describes the histopathoogical correlation of angulated lines as seen in dermoscopy
4.2.4 Globules In this chapter we describe the term globules and its histopathological correlation
4.2.4.1 Regular Globules This chapter describes the dermoscopy term regular globules and its histopathological correlation
4.2.4.2 Irregular Globules This chapter describes dermoscopy term of irregular globules and its histopathological correlation
4.2.4.3 Cobblestone globules This chapter describes dermoscopy of cobblestone globules and its histopathological correlation
4.2.5 Dots In this chapter we describe dots and its histopathological correlation
4.2.5.1 Regular dots This describes the dermoscopy term of irregular dots and its histopathological correlation
4.2.5.2 Irregular dots This chapter covers the dermoscopy term irregular dots and its histopathological correlation
4.2.6 Streaks In this chapter we describe streaks also calles Pseudopods and radial streaming and their histopathological correlation
4.2.7 Homogenous blue pattern This chapter describes the histopathological correlation of homogenous blue pattern as seen in dermoscopy
4.2.8 Structureless areas In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy term structureless areas and their histopathological correlation including regular blotches, irregular blotches
4.2.8.1 Hyperpigmented structureless areas (blotches) In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy term hyperpigmented structureless area (blotch) and its histopathological correlation
4.2.8.2 Regular hyperpigmented structureless areas (regular blotch) In this chapter we describe the histopathological correlation of regular hyperpigmented structureless areas (regular blotch)
4.2.8.3 Irregular hyperpigmented structureless areas (irregular blotch) In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy term irregular hyperpigmented structureless areas (irregular blotch) and its histopathological correlation
4.2.8.4 Hypopigmented structureless areas This chapter describes the dermoscopy term hypopigmented structureless areas and its histopathological correlation
4.2.9 Regression structures / Blue white structures In this chapter we describe blue white structures network and its histopathological correlation
4.2.9.1 White scar-like depigmentation This chapter describes histopathology correlation of the term white scar-like depigmention
4.2.9.2 Granularity / Peppering This chapter describes histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term granularity or peppering
4.2.9.3 Blue whitish veil In this chapter we describe blue white structures network and its histopathological correlation
4.2.10 Shiny white structures In this chapter we describe the histopathological correlation of shiny white structures.
4.2.10.1 Shiny white streaks This chapter describes histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term shiny white streaks
4.2.10.2 Shiny white blotches and strands This page has not yet been summarized.
4.2.10.3 Rosettes This chapter describes the histopathological correlation of the dermoscopy term rosettes
4.2.11 Blue white veil This chapter describes histopathology of the dermoscopy term blue white veil
4.3 Correlation of dermoscopic structures of melanocytic neoplasms in special sites The microanatomy of the rete ridge pattern of facial, volar, mucosal, and nail lesions differs from that of non-glabrous skin. The pigmented network is usually absent and diverse dermoscopic patterns are observed Herein we will review the dermoscopic structures and its correlates in these special sites.
4.4 Correlation of dermoscopic structures of non-melanocytic lesions This chapter describes the correlation of dermoscopic structures of non-melanocytic lesions
4.4.1 Correlation of dermoscopic structures of basal cell carcinoma This chapter describes the correlation of dermoscopic structures of basal cell carcinoma
4.4.1.1 Correlation of leaf like areas and spoke wheel areas In this chapter we cover the correlation of leaf like areas and spoke wheel areas
4.4.1.2 Correlation of large blue gray ovoid nests This chapter covers the correlation of large blue gray ovoid nests
4.1.1.3 Correlation of multiple blue-gray non-aggregated dots and globules This chapter describes the correlation of multiple blue-gray non-aggregated dots and globules
4.1.1.4 Correlation of ulcerations and erosions This chapter describes the correlation of ulcerations and erosions
4.1.1.5 Shiny white blotches and strands This chapter describes histopathological correlation of shiny white blotches and strands
4.1.1.6 Correlation of arborizing vessels and serpentine vessels This chapter describes the correlation of arborizing vessels and serpentine vessels
4.4.2 Correlation of keratinizing tumors This chapter describes the correlation of keratinizing tumors
4.4.3 Correlation of seborrheic keratosis This chapter covers the correlation of seborrheic keratosis
4.4.4 Correlation of angioma / angiokeratoma This chapter covers the correlation of angioma / angiokeratoma
4.4.5 Correlation of dermatofibroma This chapter describes correlation of dermatofibroma
4.4.6 Correlation of lichen planus-like keratosis This chapter describes the correlation of lichen planus-like keratosis
4.4.7 Correlation of clear cell acanthoma (string of pearls) this chapter describes the correlation of clear cell acanthoma (string of pearls)
4.4.8 Correlation of sebaceous neoplasms This chapter describes the correlation of sebaceous neoplasms
4.4.9 Correlation of porokeratosis This chapter describes the correlation of porokeratosis
4.5 Correlation of Inflammoscopy The use of dermoscopy is not limited to the dermato-oncology field. Inflammoscopy is the dermoscopic evaluation of inflammatory dermatoses and can provide valuable information for diagnosis and follow-up (table 8) (Sgouros et al., 2018).
4.5.1 Correlation of psoriasis This chapter covers the correlation of psoriasis
4.5.2 Correlation of dermatitis This chapter covers the correlation of dermatitis
4.5.3 Correlation of lichen planus This chapter covers the correlation of lichen planus
4.5.4 Correlation of rosacea This chapter covers the correlation of rosacea
4.5.5 Correlation of granulomatous skin disease This chapter covers the correlation of granulomatous skin disease
4.6 Correlation of infectious diseases Thia chapter covers the correlation of infectious diseases
4.6.1 Correlation of molluscum contagiosum This chapter covers the correlation of molluscum contagiosum
4.6.2 Correlation of warts This chapter covers the correlation of warts
4.6.3 Correlation of scabies This chapter covers the correlation of scabies
4.7 Correlation of trichoscopy (hair and scalp dermoscopy) This chapter covers the correlation of trichoscopy (hair and scalp dermoscopy)
4.8 Importance of dermoscopy and histopathology correlates This chapter covers the importance of dermoscopy and histopathology correlates
10 Nail dermoscopy In this chapter we cover all the different aspects of nail dermoscopy
10.1 Technical aspects and criteria for nail dermoscopy This page describes the technical aspects and consideration of dermoscopy of the nail apparatus
10.1.1 Nail plate dermoscopy This page has not yet been summarized.
10.1.2 Nail matrix dermoscopy This page has not yet been summarized.
10.1.3 Quick overview of possibilities offered by reflectance and fluorescence confocal This page has not yet been summarized.
10.1.4 Digital dermoscopy follow up This page has not yet been summarized.
10.2 Basic nail dermoscopy criteria This chapter describes all dermoscopy criteria of nail dermoscopy
10.3 Tumors This chapter describes the dermoscopy aspect of different types of nail tumors such as different types of nevi, melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma etc.
10.3.1 Nevus and lentigo of the nail matrix This chapter describes dermoscopy of nevus of the nails
10.3.2 Congenital nevus This page has not yet been summarized.
10.3.3 Nail melanoma This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria of melanoma of the nail apparatus
10.3.4 Benign epithelial tumors of the matrix This chapter describes the dermoscopy of benign epithelial tumors of the nail matrix such as onychomatricoma and onychopapilloma
10.3.4.1 Onychomaticoma This chapter describes the dermoscopy of onychomatricoma
10.3.4.2 Onychopapilloma This chapter describes dermoscopy of onychopapilloma
10.3.5 Malignant epithelial tumors of the matrix This chapter describes the dermoscopy aspect of different malignant epithelial tumors of the nail matrix
10.3.5.1 SCC This page has not yet been summarized.
10.3.5.2 Malignant onychopapiloma This chapter describes the dermoscopy aspect of malignant onychopapilloma
10.3.6 Other nail tumors This chapter describes dermoscopy of other nail tumors such as exostosis and glomus tumor
10.3.6.1 Glomus-cell tumors This chapter describes the dermoscopy aspect of subungual glomus cell tumors
10.3.6.2 Exostosis This page has not yet been summarized.
10.4 Inflammatory / Infectious / trauma induced / genetic nail pigmentations This chapter resumes dermoscopy of inflammations, infections, trauma induced changes and genetic diseases of the nail apparatus.
10.4.1 Subungual hemorrhage This page has not yet been summarized.
10.4.2 Onychotillomania This chapter covers the dermsocopy of onychotillomania
10.4.3 Warts This page has not yet been summarized.
10.4.4 Fungal infections This page has not yet been summarized.
10.4.5 Ethnic-type pigmentation This page has not yet been summarized.
10.4.6 Other kinds This page has not yet been summarized.
11 Trichoscopy This chapter describes dermoscopy of hair and scalp (Trichoscopy).
11.1 Trichoscopic structures and patterns This chapter describes tricoscopy structures and patterns as seen by dermoscopy
11.1.1 Hair shafts This chapter describes dermoscopy of hair shaft anormalities as seen in trichoscopy
11.1.2 Hair follicle openings This chapter covers the trichoscopy signs of the follicular opening of hairs
11.1.3 Perifollicular and interfollicular skin surface This chapter describes the perifollicular and interfollicular criteria as seen in trichoscopy (dermoscopy of hair and scalp)
11.1.4 Blood vessels (scalp) This chapter describes the different types of blood vessels that can be found on the scalp using trichoscopy (dermoscopy of the scalp)
11.1.5 Normal trichoscopic findings This chapter describes the normal finding on trichoscopy examination (dermoscopy of hair ans scalp)
11.2 Aqcuired nonscarring alopecia (Androgenetic alopecia,Alopecia areata, Trichotillomania, Telogen effluvium) This chapter describes the dermoscopy of acquired nonscarring alopecia
11.2.1 Androgenetic alopecia This chapter describes the dermoscopy of androgenetic alopecia
11.2.2 Alopecia areata This chapter describes the dermoscopy of alopecia areata
11.2.3 Trichotillomania This chapter describes dermoscopy of trichotillomania
11.2.4 Telogen effluvium This chapter describes dermoscopy of telogen effluvium
11.3 Primary cicatricial alopecia This chapter describes the dermoscopy signs of cicatricial alopecia
11.3.1 Lichen planopilaris This chapter describes the dermoscopy aspect of lichen planopilaris
11.3.2 Discoid lupus erythematosus This chapter covers the dermoscopy of discoid lupus erythematosus of the scalp
11.3.3 Folliclitis decalvans This chapter describes dermoscopy of folliculitis decalvans
11.3.4 Dissecting cellulitis This chapter describes the dermoscopy of dissecting cellulitis
11.4 Inflammatory scalp diseases this chapter describes dermoscopy of inflammatory scalp diseases
11.4.1 Tinea capitis this chapter describes dermoscopy of tinea capitis
11.4.2 Seborrheic dermatitis this chapter describes dermoscopy of seborrheic dermatitis
11.4.3 Scalp psoriasis this chapter describes dermoscopy of psoriasis of the scalp
12 Other special locations This chapter describes dermoscopy in other special locations
12.1 Palms and Soles This page has not yet been summarized.
12.2 Face This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria of lesions of the face
12.3 Mucosa This page has not yet been summarized.
13 Dermoscopy in general dermatology / Inflammoscopy In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy of inflammatory skin diseases
13.1 Lichen planus This chapter describes dermoscopy of lichen planus
13.2 Psoriasis This chapter describes the dermscopy of psoriasis
13.3 Dermatitis This chapter describes dermoscopy of Dermatitis
13.4 Pityrisasis rubra pilaris This chapter describes the dermoscopy of pityriasus rubra pilaris
13.5 Porokeratosis This chapter describes the dermoscopy of porokeratosis
13.6 Granulomatous skin disease This page has not yet been summarized.
13.6.1 Sarcoidosis and lupus vulgaris This chapter describes the dermoscopy of sarcoidosis and lupus vulgaris
13.6.2 Cutaneous leishmaniosis This page has not yet been summarized.
13.6.3 Granuloma annulare This chapter describes dermoscopy of granuloma annulare
13.7 Discoid lupus erythematosus This chapter describes dermoscopy of discoid lupus erythematosus
13.8 Rosacea This chapter describes dermoscopy of rosacea
13.9 Lichen sclerosus and morphea This page has not yet been summarized.
13.10 Urticaria and urticarial vasculitis This chapter describes dermoscopy of urticaria and urticarial vasculitis
13.11 Pigmented purpuric dermatoses This chapter describes dermoscopy of pigmented purpuric dermatoses
13.12 Darier's disease This chapter describes dermoscopy of dariers disease
13.13 Mastocytosis This chapter describes dermoscopy of cutaneous mastocytosis
13.14 Vasculitis This chapter describes dermoscopy of vasculitis
13.15 Mycosis fungoides This chapter describes dermoscopy of mycosis fungoides
13.16 Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma This page has not yet been summarized.
13.17 Juvenile xanthogranuloma This page has not yet been summarized.
13.18 Papulo squamous skin This page has not yet been summarized.
13.19 Inflammatory skin of the face This page has not yet been summarized.
14 Infectious skin diseases (Entomodermoscopy) This chapter describes the dermoscopy aspect of infectious skin diseases
14.1 Parasitosis Dermoscopy of parasitosis
14.2 Scabies This page has not yet been summarized.
14.3 Cutaneous larva migrans This chapter describes the dermoscopy of cutaneous larva migrans
14.4 Tungiasis This page has not yet been summarized.
14.5 Pediculosis This chapter descibes the dermoscopy of Pediculosis
14.6 Tick bites This chapter describes the dermoscopy of tick bites
14.7 Demodicidosis This page has not yet been summarized.
14.8 Viral infections Dermoscopy of viral infections
14.9 HPV infections This chapter describes the dermoscopy of HPV infections
14.10 Molluscum contagiusum This chapter describes dermoscopy of molluscum contagiosum
15 Diagnostic Strategies / Algorithms This chapter covers the revised pattern analysis, pattern analysis, ABCD rule, Menzies Method, seven-point checklist, 3 point checklist, chaos and clues, TADA, prediction without pigment, color wheel approach and other algorithms
15.1 Pattern analysis This chapter describes the pattern analysis in dermoscopy
15.1.1 Structures used in pattern analysis This chapter covers the structures and patterns used in pattern analysis
15.1.2 Colors used in pattern analysis This chapter covers the colors as used in pattern analysis
15.1.3 Chaos and clues This chapter describes the chaos and clues approach
15.2 ABCD rule This page has not yet been summarized.
15.3 Menzies Method In this chapter we describe the Menzies method.
15.4 Seven Point Checklist This page has not yet been summarized.
15.5 Three point checklist This page has not yet been summarized.
15.6 Chaos and Clues This chapter provides an overview of the Chaos and Clues decision algorithm for the assessment of pigmented skin lesions, both melanocytic and non-melanocytic.
15.7 TADA This page has not yet been summarized.
15.8 Prediction without Pigment This chapter presents the decision algorithm Prediction without Pigment, a stepwise method for the assessment of skin lesions which are not pigmented by melanin. This method assesses for malignancy regardless of melanocytic status as in equivocal cases only the dermatopathologist can make that distinction.
15.9 The color wheel approach This page has not yet been summarized.
15.10 The blue black rule This chapter describes the blue black rule in dermoscopy
15.11 BRAFF checklist for acral melanoma This page has not yet been summarized.
16 Analytic approach The analytic approach refers to algorithmic method for the diagnosis of pigmented lesions using dermoscopy.

The essence of pattern analysis is a structured description formulated using a clearly defined algorithmic method. The diagnostic method is structured in such a way that one starts by describing the most general of features, then proceeds progressively to finish with the most specific features. The algorithm always takes the general form: Pattern + Color + Clues = Diagnosis Using patterns, colors and clues, the number of potential diagnoses is progressively minimized. Pattern is a method by which algorithms are constructed.

16.1 Introduction to the analytic approach This page has not yet been summarized.
16.2 Lines This page has not yet been summarized.
16.3 Dots This page has not yet been summarized.
16.4 Clods This page has not yet been summarized.
16.5 Circles This page has not yet been summarized.
16.6 Pseudopods This page has not yet been summarized.
16.7 Structureless This page has not yet been summarized.
16.8 Combination of pattern This page has not yet been summarized.
17 Two-step algorithm This chapter describes the 2 step algorithm in dermoscopy
17.1 Introduction to the top-down 2-step approach This chapter describes the principle of the 2 step algorithm
17.2 Level 1: Nevi In this chapter we describe the dermoscopy pattern seen in benign nevi
17.3 Level 2: Dermatofibromas This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria of dermatofibroma
17.4 Level 3: Intradermal nevi This chapter describes dermoscopy criteria of intradermal nevi
17.5 Level 4: BCC This chapter describes the dermoscopy criteria for BCC of the two step algorithm
17.6 Level 5: SCC This chapter describes dermoscopy criteria of squamous cell carinoma
17.7 Level 6: SK & lentigo This chapter describes the dermoscopy pattern of seborrheic keratosis (seb K) and solar lentigo
17.8 Level 7: Angioma / Angiokeratoma / Hemangioma This chapter describes dermoscopy criteria of angioma, angiokeratoma and hemangioma.
17.9 Level 8: Sebaceous hyperplasia This chapter describes dermoscopy criteria of sebacous hyperplasia
17.10 Level 9: Clear cell acanthoma This chapter describes dermoscopy of clear cell acanthoma
17.11 Step 2 This chapter describes the dermoscopy pattern of lesions requiring contect
17.12 Nevi requiring special consideration This chapter describes the dermosocpy of melanoma specific pattern
17.13 Melanoma patterns and structures This chapter describes dermoscopy pattern of melanoma that require context
17.14 Melanoma pattern and structures on special sites This chapter describes the dermoscopy of melanoma specific structures on special sites
17.15 Classic two-step algorithm This page has not yet been summarized.
17.16 Revised two-step algorithm This page has not yet been summarized.
17.17 Schematics for Download This chapter allows to download the pdf file of the two step algorithm
18 Clues and tricks This chapter provides tricks and clues in dermoscopy
18.1 Wobble sign This page has not yet been summarized.
18.2 Ink test This page has not yet been summarized.
18.3 Tape stripping This page has not yet been summarized.
18.4 Blink sign In this chapter we describe the blink sign in dermoscopy
19 Exceptions to rules and mimickers The two-step dermoscopy algorithm aims to differentiate between melanocytic and non-melanocytic lesions and to determine if a melanocytic lesion is benign or malignant. While algorithms serve as guidelines that apply to the majority of cases, one should remember that every rule has exceptions. The recognition of the exceptions is essential for the maintenance of high diagnostic precision.
20 Diagnostic accuracy This chapter provides an overview on diagnostic accuracy in dermoscopy explaining terms such as sensitivity and specificity etc.
20.1 Sensitivity and Specificity This page has not yet been summarized.
20.2 Factors influencing diagnostic accuracy This page has not yet been summarized.
21 Confocal Microscopy This page has not yet been summarized.
22 Other Imaging techniques In this chapter we describe other imaging techniques
22.1 Electrical Impedance This page has not yet been summarized.
22.2 OCT This page has not yet been summarized.
23 Digital mole monitoring This page has not yet been summarized.
23.1 Short Term Monitoring This page has not yet been summarized.
23.2 Long Term Monitoring This page has not yet been summarized.
24 Teledermoscopy This chapter covers the aspects of teledermoscopa and mobile teledermoscopy
25 Artificial intelligence (AI) and the ISIC project This chapter provides a very nice up to date overview of artificial intelligence (AI) as well as the vision on computer-assisted diagnosis in dermoscopy. It explains strategies such deep learning etc.
25.1 Introduction to computer assisted diagnosis This chapter provides a very nice up to date overview as well as the vision on computer assisted diagnosis in dermoscopy in dermoscopy
25.2 Automated diagnosis This page gives a brief introduction and overview on neural network based automated diagnosis of skin lesions with dermatoscopy.
25.3 ISIC project This page has not yet been summarized.
26 Books and other resources This chapter lists all resources for dermoscopy.
26.1 Books In this chapter all dermoscopy books are listed
26.2 Online resources In this chapter we describe online resources for dermsocopy
26.3 Other resources In this chapter we describe other resources for dermoscopy
27 IDS Dermoscopy Podcasts This page has not yet been summarized.
28 Meetings For a list of future events on dermoscopy pls visit the Website of the IDS on the folloing link
28.1.1 2-Step Algorithm & TADA - Workshop 1: A guide for application of dermoscopy This page has not yet been summarized.
28.1.2 Difficult to diagnose melanomas: a unifying theme - Focus Session 2: Melanoma This page has not yet been summarized.
29 Instructions for editors / authors This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors.
29.1 How to log in This page explains how to log in into your user account at dermoscopedia.
29.2 How to edit chapters This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors.
29.3 How to upload and add images / figures This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors for adding figures to a chapter.
29.4 How to add videos This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors for adding videos to pages.
29.5 How to add links This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors for adding links to pages.
29.6 How to add references This page provides basic instructions for the use of the wikitext syntax on dermoscopedia for editors / authors for adding references to pages.
29.7 Video tutorials This page provides video tutorials with basic instructions for editors / authors on dermoscopedia.
29.8 How to improve the user experience This page provides basic instructions for editors and authors on how to improve the user experience for readers of pages created.
29.9 List of help pages This page provides the list of help pages for editors / authors.
30 Top rated chapters This page shows the chapters with top ratings by the audience of this website.


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